Nigeria History Much has been said and written about Nigeria, her people and culture, economy and politics, that sheds light on the tremendous potential of this African Giant. However, little is known to the outside world about the many exciting tourist attractions available in Nigeria: Historic sites nestled amid rivers and rain forests, breathtaking mountain vistas, remote creek villages, miles of pristine beaches and exotic national wildlife reserves. There are also museums, festivals, music and dance, a rich cultural melange right down to everyday traditional markets. These are just some of the spectacular sights and sensual delights awaiting the traveler to Nigeria. Nigeria has the largest population of any country in Africa about million , and the greatest diversity of cultures, ways of life, cities and terrain. With a total land area of , sq.
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Three Sisters Hill – three hills that stand side by side. Akwa Ibom State Main Towns: Natural sand beaches at Ikot Abasi. Bauchi State Main Towns:
The history of Nigeria can be traced to prehistoric settlers (Nigerians) living in the area as early as BC. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is today Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. Islam reached Nigeria through the Borno Empire between ( AD) and Hausa States around ( AD) during the 11th century.
The national flag, dating from and employing a blue and gold motif used as early as the mid th century, consists of a yellow cross with extended right horizontal on a blue field. The metric system is the legal standard, but some old local measures are still in use, notably the Swedish mile 10 kilometers. Extreme length n—s is 1, km mi and greatest breadth e—w is km mi. Sweden has a total area of , sq km , sq mi: Comparatively, the area occupied by Sweden is slightly larger than the state of California.
Sweden’s capital city, Stockholm, is located on the southeast Baltic Sea coast. To the south of the lake belt rises the upland of Smaland and its small but fertile appendage, Skane. The low-lands were once submerged and so acquired a cover of fertile, silty soils. Much of Sweden is composed of ancient rock; most ice erosion has resulted in generally poor sandy or stony soils.
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Oyo Empire During the 15th century Oyo and Benin surpassed Ife as political and economic powers, although Ife preserved its status as a religious center. Respect for the priestly functions of the oni of Ife was a crucial factor in the evolution of Yoruban culture. The Ife model of government was adapted at Oyo, where a member of its ruling dynasty controlled several smaller city-states. A state council the Oyo Mesi named the Alaafin king and acted as a check on his authority.
Unlike the forest-bound Yoruba kingdoms, Oyo was in the savanna and drew its military strength from its cavalry forces, which established hegemony over the adjacent Nupe and the Borgu kingdoms and thereby developed trade routes farther to the north. The Benin Empire — ; called Bini by locals was a pre-colonial African state in what is now modern Nigeria.
It should not be confused with the modern-day country called Benin, formerly called Dahomey. Northern kingdoms of the Sahel[ edit ] The Songhai Empire, c. Prehistoric inhabitants adjusting to the encroaching desert were widely scattered by the third millennium BC, when the desiccation of the Sahara began. Trans-Saharan trade routes linked the western Sudan with the Mediterranean since the time of Carthage and with the Upper Nile from a much earlier date, establishing avenues of communication and cultural influence that remained open until the end of the 19th century.
By these same routes, Islam made its way south into West Africa after the 9th century. By then a string of dynastic states, including the earliest Hausa states, stretched across western and central Sudan. The most powerful of these states were Ghana , Gao , and Kanem , which were not within the boundaries of modern Nigeria but which influenced the history of the Nigerian savanna. Ghana declined in the 11th century but was succeeded by the Mali Empire which consolidated much of western Sudan in the 13th century.
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Last month, no fewer than people died violently, across the country. In January, about Nigerians were cut down through herdsmen and farmers clashes, sectarian crises, communal clashes, Boko Haram insurgency, cult clashes, kidnapping, and ritual killings, among others. The deaths are more than the recorded in January Borno State, the hotbed of the Book Haram insurgency, recorded the highest number of deaths with a figure of
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Lucy , an Australopithecus afarensis skeleton discovered 24 November in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia ‘s Afar Depression Africa is considered by most paleoanthropologists to be the oldest inhabited territory on Earth , with the human species originating from the continent. Fossil remains of several species of early apelike humans thought to have evolved into modern man, such as Australopithecus afarensis radiometrically dated to approximately 3.
Around BC, due to a tilt in the earth’s orbit, the Sahara experienced a period of rapid desertification. A major climatic recession occurred, lessening the heavy and persistent rains in Central and Eastern Africa. Since this time, dry conditions have prevailed in Eastern Africa and, increasingly during the last years, in Ethiopia. The domestication of cattle in Africa preceded agriculture and seems to have existed alongside hunter-gatherer cultures.
It is speculated that by BC, cattle were domesticated in North Africa. Around BC, the Saharan climate started to become drier at an exceedingly fast pace. This, in turn, decreased the amount of land conducive to settlements and helped to cause migrations of farming communities to the more tropical climate of West Africa.
Social Sciences Abstracts H. This report discusses how methane and nitrous oxide released by livestock especially cattle can be more damaging than carbon emissions. Unfortunately, it also talks about how many environmental groups are unwilling to promote reducing meat as an environmentally responsible strategy.
Ausztrália szárazföldi területe 7 km² amely az Ausztrál–Indiai-lemezen fekszik. Földjét az nyugatról az Indiai- és kelet felől a Csendes-óceán határolják. A déli szélesség fokától délre eső tengereket a vízügyi világszervezet néhány éve hozott döntése alapján szokás Déli-óceánnak is hívni.
Generally dark-skinned and dark-eyed- the African girls can win you over with their beautiful smiles. Although in some parts of Africa there are still traditional barriers that a woman is bound to follow, there are also big cities and open minded communities where the African women very much like to meet and fall in love with the men who are not from Africa, especially with the men from the western world.
Another very serious issue of dating the girls of Africa is choosing the exact country of which you want your partner from. As Africa is actually a continent, not a country, the choices can be endless. The girls of each country are different from each other, their thoughts, attributes are definitely different from each others. Prior to dating, you should keep in mind these different factors.
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In North Africa its spread was related to the empire-building process which took Islam to Morocco and Spain in the far west and to India in the east whereas in the rest of Africa its diffusion followed a different path. The African dimension goes back to ce when the first Islamic migration to Abyssinia, now called Ethiopia, took place, though its impact there at this early stage is not clear. Scholars, until recently, have not paid sufficient attention to the Islamic intellectual tradition and culture in sub-Saharan Africa which is generally treated as a periphery of the Islamic heartland in the Middle East.
Moreover, studies about Islam in Africa are often marred by the view that gained currency during the colonial era, namely that African Islam represented a syncretic or diluted version of the faith, stripped of elements of its higher tradition.
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In the s, the Ibadan-Lagos expressway generated the greatest urban sprawl east and north of the city , followed by the Eleiyele expressway west of the city. Since then, Ibadan city has spread further into the neighbouring local government areas of Akinyele and Egbeda in particular. Religion[ edit ] Islam and Christianity are the dominant religions practiced in Ibadan with the overwhelming majority of the core Ibadan City Center inhabitants being Muslims. Christianity is also spread all across this core city to the suburbs.
Next to the Olubadan’s palace is the gigantic mosque where the Chief Imam holds his Friday jumu’ah service sermons. Ibadan’s Cathedral of St. Mary is the episcopal see of the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ibadan , whose ecclesiastical province includes four suffragans bishoprics: